Comprehending the POSH Act 2013: An All-Inclusive Manual for Occupational Safety

Maintaining workplace safety is essential to creating a respectful, upbeat, and productive atmosphere. The Prevention of Sexual Harassment (POSH) Act is a crucial piece of legislation in India that aims to protect workers’ safety and dignity—especially that of women—in the workplace. This in-depth manual seeks to clarify the main points of the POSH Act and its role in improving workplace safety.

Overview of the POSH Act

2013 saw the enactment of the POSH Act, also known as the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act. It aims to shield female employees from sexual harassment at work and to offer a complaint resolution process. The Supreme Court of India’s 1997 Vishaka Guidelines, which emphasized the necessity of law to stop sexual harassment in the workplace, served as the foundation for the Act.

Important Clauses of the POSH Act

1. Sexual Harassment Definition

Sexual harassment is defined by the POSH Act as a broad range of unwanted acts or behavior (directly or indirectly), including advances and physical contact, requests or demands for sexual favors, sexually suggestive comments, the display of pornography, and any other unwanted physical, verbal, or nonverbal behavior of a sexual nature.

2. The Act’s Scope

The POSH Act applies to both the organized and unorganized sectors and protects all women, regardless of age or job position, whether they work directly or indirectly. It comprises regular workers, contract workers, ad hoc workers, trainees, interns, and even those who drop by the office.

3. Committee for Internal Complaints (ICC)

It is required for each organization with more than ten employees to set up an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) in each branch or office. This provision guarantees a formal, structured procedure for handling complaints about harassment and discrimination in the workplace. The ICC is in charge of receiving employee complaints, looking into them thoroughly, and suggesting suitable measures to be taken against violators. This committee is essential to preserving organizational integrity, guaranteeing adherence to legal and ethical requirements, and preserving a respectful and safe work environment..

4. The LCC or Local Complaints Committee

The Act requires the District Officer to form a Local Complaints Committee (LCC) for workplaces with less than 10 employees or when the complaint is directed towards the employer. This guarantees that the POSH Act applies to every workplace.

5. Know the Difference

It’s critical to understand the differences between the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Internal Complaints Committee (ICC). The latter is an international court that hears cases against defendants for crimes like crimes against humanity, war crimes, and genocide. It is situated in The Hague, Netherlands. The International Criminal Court has worldwide jurisdiction and resolves serious international crimes, in contrast to the organizational ICC, which deals with internal workplace disputes. Despite the fact that they both use the abbreviation “ICC” and engage in investigative procedures, their responsibilities, purviews, and functions differ significantly.

6. The Process of Complaint and Redress

A detailed procedure for submitting complaints is outlined in the POSH Act and it must to be completed in writing within three months of the incident. The employer or District Officer must receive the report from the ICC within 90 days of the investigation’s conclusion, and they have 60 days to implement the recommendations.

7. Secrecy

The POSH Act places a strong emphasis on maintaining secrecy throughout the complaint process, from filing to inquiry to suggestion implementation, in order to safeguard the complainant’s privacy and dignity.

Interesting Insights into POSH:

The Act, which went into force on December 9, 2013, aims to shield women against sexual harassment at work and offers procedures for filing complaints and seeking remedies if such an instance occurs. Employers’ obligations in this regard are outlined in the POSH Act, which includes disclosing complaint data in yearly reports.

Furthermore, the Securities and Exchange Board of India required all listed businesses to provide information on sexual harassment allegations in their annual reports starting in 2018.

The requirement for data pertaining to the Act’s execution to be disclosed is a useful addition to the legislation. It can facilitate efficient monitoring of the effectiveness of the law and act as a significant accountability mechanism.

Nevertheless, almost ten years later, there is still no publicly accessible database that compiles information from various employers and businesses. Finding trends and patterns across the sector is tough since the data is still dispersed over different business reports and frequently presented in unintuitive ways.

Stunning Statistics:

Together, the focal companies reported 161 cases in FY 2013–14, the first year the POSH Act went into effect. In a year, this figure shot up to 465.

The figures increased in every year that followed until the first year of the COVID-19 epidemic, FY 2020–21. Across the 300 companies, 586 incidents were reported overall, down from 961 cases in the previous year.

In FY 2021–2022, this number gradually rose to 767; the next year, it surged by 51.2% to 1,160. About 109 accusations of sexual harassment were settled against these companies in FY 2013–14. In FY 2014–15, this increased to 406.

But the number of instances that have been settled has generally lagged behind the number of complaints over time. In FY 2016–17, 2.1% fewer complaints were addressed than the previous year, despite a 12.9% increase in the number of reported instances.

In a similar vein, after FY 2020–21, the first year of the pandemic, the number of complaints increased dramatically, but the number of instances that were successfully resolved fell short.

Advantages of the POSH Law

POSH Act’s implementation offers the following advantages:

Establishes a Safe Work Environment:

It promotes a courteous and safe work environment, which is critical for both the health of employees and the organization’s general output.

Promotes Reporting:

The Act promotes victims’ coming forward without fear of reprisal by offering a transparent process for remedy.

Increases Awareness:

Consistent training and sensitization initiatives required by the Act increase knowledge of what sexual harassment is and how to stop these kinds of situations.

Assures Accountability:

The Act makes businesses responsible for maintaining a secure workplace and handling grievances in a timely and efficient manner.

GetifyHR and Safety at Work

We at GetifyHR recognize the value of a polite and safe work environment. Being a top supplier of payroll outsourcing services, we guarantee quick and accurate payroll processing in addition to providing complete compliance management solutions, which include POSH Act compliance. Our knowledgeable staff helps businesses establish Internal Complaints Committees, provide training programs, and make sure the Act’s legal requirements are met.

Organizations that engage with GetifyHR may concentrate on their main business operations while we handle their payroll and compliance requirements, guaranteeing a secure and law-abiding environment.

In summary

One important piece of law that attempts to give women a safe and respectable place to work is the POSH Act. Comprehending and executing the POSH Act’s provisions is not only legally required but also an ethical duty for all establishments. Establishing a respectful and safe culture can help firms increase employee happiness, lower attrition, and boost overall productivity.

GetifyHR is dedicated to assisting businesses diligently in their efforts to establish a secure and legal workplace. With our proficiency in compliance and payroll outsourcing services, we assist companies in managing the intricacies of labor regulations and guarantee POSH Act compliance. By working together, we can create a workplace where everyone is valued, respected, and feels safe.

Blog EPF

EPFO – Standard Operating Procedure for Joint Declaration

The Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) has brought about changes to the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for receiving Joint Declarations for correcting mistakes in members’ Universal Account Number (UAN) profile, and employers’ EPF Accounts, and the procedure to be followed by the Field Office.

The notification to amend the SOP was released by the EPFO vide No: SU/2022/Rationalisation of work areas/Joint Declaration/17 dated 11-04-2024.

Purpose of the Amendment

The purpose of the amendment is to describe accurately and in detail the procedures of receipt of Joint Declaration for corrections in UAN profiles by the members and employers and the procedure to be followed by the field office in making these corrections. The proposed changes to SOP will make it easier and simpler to minimize both incompleteness and mismatches.

The changes would also ease the difficulties encountered in claim settlement due to data mismatches, especially in parameters such as:

  1. Name
  2. Gender
  3. Date of Birth
  4. Father’s Name/Mother’s Name
  5. Relationship
  6. Marital status
  7. Date of Joining
  8. Reason for Leaving
  9. Date of Leaving
  10. Nationality and
  11. Aadhaar Number.

The SOP for Joint Declaration aims to streamline the process of rectifying discrepancies in member profiles, thereby reducing claim rejection and minimizing the risk of impersonation and fraud through the manipulation of UAN.

The process

The process entails a collaborative effort between the employees and the employers with due authentication by a process of Initiation, Verification, and Approval by the Field Office (FO).

1.  Initiation

As and when a member files a Joint Declaration, it gets authenticated by the Employer. The submitted documents are then verified for accuracy by the designated Verifier within the FO.

2.  Verification

The modification request and supporting documents are then cross-checked by the designated Verifier to ensure compliance with EPFO guidelines and regulations.

3.  Approval

Upon verification, the JD is forwarded to the designated Approver for approval. This could be the Regional Provident Fund Commissioners (RPFC), Additional Provident Fund Commissioners (APFC), or other authorised officers of the organization.

List of acceptable documents that can be submitted for the different parameters

Name and Gender
  1. Aadhaar (mandatory)
  2. Passport
  3. Death Certificate
  4. Birth Certificate
  5. Driving License
  6. Service photo identity card issued by Central, State, UT Govt./PSU/ Banks
  7. School Leaving Certificate (SLC) or School Transfer Certificate (TC) or SSC certificate or Mark Sheet issued by Board/ University containing name and photograph.
  8. Bank passbook having the name and Photograph cross-stamped by the Bank Official.
  9. PAN Card/e-PAN
  10. Ration/PDS Photo Card
  11. Voter ID/e-Voter ID
  12. Pensioner Photo Card/Freedom Fighter Photo Card
  13. CGHS/ECHS/Medi-Claim Card with Photo issued by State/Central Govt/PSUs/Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) Card.
Date of Birth
  1. Birth Certificate issued by the Registrar of Births and Deaths.
  2. School Leaving Certificate (SLC) or School Transfer Certificate (TC) or SSC certificate containing Name and Date of Birth or Marksheet issued by any recognized Government Board or University.
  3. Service records certificate issued by the Central/State Government Organizations.
  4. Where proof of date of birth is not available, a Medical Certificate issued by a Civil Surgeon after medical examination of the member and supported with an affidavit on oath by the member duly authenticated by a Competent Court.
  5. Aadhaar
  6. Passport
  7. PAN Card
  8. Central/State Pension Payment order
  9. CGHS/ECHS/Medi-Claim Card issued by Central/State/UTs Govts./PSUs having Photo & Date of Birth.
  10. Domicile Certificate issued by the Government.
Father / Mother name, and Relationship
  1. Passport of Father/Mother
  2. Ration card/PDS Card
  3. CGHS or ECHS/ Medi-Claim Card with photo issued by Central/ State Govt./PSUs.
  4. Pension Card
  5. Birth Certificates issued by Municipal Corporation, and other notified local Government bodies like Taluk, Tehsil, etc.
  6. Marriage Certificate issued by the Government.
  7. Photo ID card issued for schemes like Bhamashah, Jan-Aadhaar, MGNREGA, ARMY Canteen Card, etc., by Central/ State Govt.
Marital Status
  1. Marriage Certificate issued by the government
  2. Aadhaar Card
  3. Divorce Decree
  4. Passport.
Date of Joining
  1. Employee register
  2. Attendance register
  3. Appointment letter or any other document as establishments maintain under any central or State Labour Act
  4. Letter of establishment on the letterhead duly signed by the Employer or the Authorized Signatory showing the date of joining, supported by ECR of the employee during the said period.
Reason for Leaving
  1. Resignation letter
  2. A letter from the organization on their letterhead clearly stating the reasons for leaving, supported by the ECR of the employee during the said period.
  3. Termination letter issued by the employer to the employee.
  4. Any document as the organization deems fit to establish the reason for exit of the employee duly signed by the Employer or the authorized signatory of the organization on their letterhead.
Date of Leaving
  1. Resignation letter/termination letter
  2. Experience certificate or any other document an organization maintains under any Central or State Labour Act
  3. Wage slip/salary slip/full and final letter
  4. Letter of organization on their letterhead clearly stating the date of joining and duly signed by Employer or the authorized signatory.
  1. Copy of Passport
  2. Copy of Person of Indian Origin (PIO) card issued by the Govt. of India
  3. Long Term Visa (valid) along with a Foreign passport (valid or expired) of country of origin issued to minority communities of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, namely Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and Parsis.
  4. Valid Visa issud to a Foreign National along with a valid Foreign Passport.
  5. Tibetan Refugee Card (supported by one more ID)
  1. Member Aadhaar card or e-Aadhaar card with details of linked active mobile phone.
Submission of Documentary Proof

All changes to parameters have been classified into Minor and Major changes and these have been detailed in Table 2 of the SOP.

All requests for Minor or Major corrections will have to be supported by documentary proof as prescribed in Annexure 1.  For Minor corrections, at least 2 documents from the list of documents mentioned in Annexure 1 for that particular parameter are required to be submitted. For Major corrections, at least 3 documents from the list of documents mentioned in Annexure 1 for that particular parameter are required to be submitted.

Frequency of Corrections

The SOP has fixed the frequency at which corrections to various parameters can be made through the Joint Declaration Form. The same is tabulated hereunder:

Sl. No. Parameters No.of times changes can be made


Member Name


2. Gender



Date of Birth


4. Father/Mother Name


5. Relationship


6. Marital Status



Date of Joining



Date f Leaving



Reason for Leaving








The Procedure

The EPFO has streamlined the process of updating profile parameters by embracing digital technology thus making it accessible through the online platform. The process is simple and both the employees and employers alike can leverage the power of digital technology to submit the JD online.

Firstly, log on to the EPFO website at https://www.epfindia.gov.in/.  Then log into the Employee login using the Universal Account Number (UAN) and the Password. Employers can use their EPF credentials to log in. After logging in, click on the “Online Services” option on the portal and look for the Update or Correct EPF details, and select the Joint Declaration Form (JDF). Once the Form opens, fill in the required details accurately and ensure that all the details called for are filled in. Depending on the parameter that you are updating or changing, upload the supporting documents.

Next, submit the Form after fully verifying that the details provided by you are correct. After submission, you can track the status of the Joint Declaration Form submission through the EPFO portal and ensure that the processing is taking place and the details are fully updated.

Once the changes are approved, the member’s photo which is retrieved by the EPFO interface with UIDAI Aadhaar data will become visible in the member profile on their portal and the IT interface of various authorities.


Through this highly efficient and structured process, EPFO not only aims to maintain the profile integrity of the member but also hopes to minimize claim rejections and reduce the risk of impersonation and fraud. By leveraging technology through the Unified Portal Application, EPFO endeavors to enhance transparency, streamline efficiency, and usher in greater accountability in its operations. EPFO’s commitment to providing the best of technology for the benefit of employees and employers alike demonstrates a step towards a brighter and more streamlined future on social security and the management of EPF Accounts.

GetifyHR has been fully supportive of the needs of the employees and employers in handling EPF, and we have always updated ourselves immediately on all the changes brought in by EPFO from time to time. We are fully geared to handle these changes and support our clients and through them the employees in all aspects of EPF.

Life Certificate

What is the Life Certificate in PF and what are all its uses?

All Central and State Government employees are eligible to receive Pension on retirement at the age of 58.  The benefit was not available to employees in the private sector.  However, the Government of India, with the view to support the employees in the private sector legislated the Employees Provident Act in the year 1952.  Controlled by the Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO), the scheme envisages providing benefits to the employees in the private sector that they hitherto had no access to.  One such scheme under the EPF Act is the Employees Pension Scheme (EPS) which was launched in the year 1995 by EPFO to enable retirees in the private sector to get regular pension after retirement at the age of 58.

All pensioners, whether they are pensioners of the Private Sector, Central Government, the State Government or members of any Government Organization are eligible to receive pension upon retirement at the age of 58. These pensioners are required to submit an Annual Life Certificate (ALC) to the authorised Pension Disbursing Agency (PDA) like the authorized Banks, Post Office for further continuation of the pension.  This certificate has to be submitted in the month of November for receiving pension.  The ALC has to be submitted in the form prescribed in Annexure XIII of CPAO Booklet Scheme, 2021.  However, in case of pensioners of the age of 80 years or above, the Life Certificate can be submitted from 1st October onwards.

In order to get the Certificate the pensioner has to either personally present oneself before the Pension Disbursing Agency (PDA) or have it delivered to the Agency through the authority where they have served earlier.  This procedure was causing a lot of hardship to the pensioners, especially for the aged and infirm pensioners who cannot present themselves always before the agency to secure the ALC.  Moreover, many employees post retirement choose to move to different locations either to be with the family or for some other reasons.  This would pose a lot of hardship in getting the ALC from the Agency and adversely affect the receipt of pension in the subsequent months.

To overcome this problem, the Government initiated the Digital Life Certificate for Pension Scheme also known as the Jeevan Pramaan.  This scheme addresses this problem by digitising the entire process of generating the Life Certificate.  Jeevan Pramaan is a Biometric enabled digital service for Pensioners that streamlines the entire process and makes it easier and hassle free for pensioners.  Pensioners of the Private Sector,  Central Government, State government and any other Government Organization can take benefit of this facility.  By this process the presence of the pensioner before the Pension Disbursing Agency is done away with thus benefitting the pensioner and also cutting down on unnecessary logistical hurdles.

How it Works?

Jeevan Pramaan uses the Aadhaar Platform for Biometric authentication of the Pensioner.  On successful completion of the authentication, the Digital Life Certificate is generated.  This gets stored in the Life Certificate Repository, which again can be accessed by the PDA online.

How to Register?

Pensioners have to register first to receive the Jeevan Pramaan Patra or Life Certificate.  They can approach the nearest Citizen Service Center (CSC), Banks or Government Offices to register.  The filled in application has to be submitted here and the Biometric authentication using the Aadhaar will be conducted.  Once this is successful, a Jeevan Pramaan ID will be generated.

Alternately you can download a Mobile App or PC App to register online from the official website https://jeevanpramaan.gov.in.  For this purpose you will require Internet and STQC Certified Biometric Device.

The Jevan Pramaan Application can be downloaded from the official website.  Click on the download option to provide your email ID, Captcha and click on “I agree to Download”.  Enter the OTP that you receive in your email and click on “Download for WindowsOS”.  You will receive the download link in your email.  Click on this link and a Zip file containing the Jeevan Pramaan application will get downloaded.  You can unzip this file and follow the instruction provided in the client installation document.

Once the Jeevan Pramaan ID has been generated, the pensioner needs to connect to the Portal once again using another OTP.  Next he/she has to select “Generate Jeevan Pramaan” and enter the Aadhaar and mobile number.  Click on the generate OTP option and enter the OTP number that you receive on your email or mobile.  You will also be required to input the Pension Payment Order (PPO) number, the name of the Disbursing Agency, your name and a few other required information.

On successful completion of this operation, an SMS acknowledgement is sent to your mobile number including your Jeevan Pramaan Patra or Certificate.  The Certificate is stored in the Life Certificate Repository and is available anytime and anywhere for the Pensioner and the Pension Disbursing Agency (PDA).

This scheme is not available to remarried or re-employed pensioners.  They are required to submit the Annual Life Certificate in the conventional way to the Pension Disbursing Agency.


The Jeevan Pramaan Patra effectively addresses the problems faced by the Pensioners who have to present themselves in person at the Pension Disbursing Agency every year to continue getting their pension dues.  Under this scheme the pensioners have the option to generate Jeevan Pramaan Patra, either online or via a mobile app.  By using Jeevan Pramaan, a pensioner can now digitally provide proof of his/her existence to the authorities for continuity of pension every year, instead of requiring appearing in person before the Pension Disbursing Agency.  By employing biometric authentication to authenticate the pensioner’s identity, the scheme effectively prevents fraudulent activities.

This is a great boon to all beneficiaries and we at GetifyHR have been assisting our clients and their employees who have retired in effectively generating a vital document like the Annual Life Certificate.

EDLI Benefits

EPF Act – Family Cover through EDLI and its benefits!


The Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) is one of the two main Social Security schemes under the Government of India, the other being Employees State Insurance (ESI). The EPFO comes under the aegis of the Ministry of Labour and Employment and is responsible for the regulation and management of Provident Funds in the country. The EPFO manages and administers the Employees Provident Fund (EPF), Employees Pension Scheme (EPS), and Employees Deposit Linked Insurance (EDLI).


All the members of the EPFO are covered under the insurance scheme known as EDLI or Employees Deposit Linked Insurance. In this article, we explain the key features of the scheme, eligibility, and benefits of the scheme.

The EDLI scheme was launched in the year 1976 to provide insurance cover to members of the EPFO. Through this scheme, the family of a member gets financial assistance in the case of the death of the member while in service. The insurance cover will depend on the salary drawn in the last 12 months of employment before death.

Under this scheme, there is no exclusion.

EDLI Contribution

The employees and employers contribute to the EPFO scheme and this contribution is split among the three schemes namely, Employees Provident Fund (EPF), Employees Pension Scheme (EPS), and Employees Deposit Linked Insurance (EDLI). There is no contribution from the Employees towards the EDLI scheme, whereas, the employee contribution is 0.5% of the Basic salary + DA, subject to a maximum of Rs:75/-. Eligibility kicks in only when the member has continuously worked for 1 year and is an active member of the EPF.

EDLI Calculation

The average salary drawn by the deceased member during the 12 months before death is taken for calculation of the EDLI benefit. 35 times the average salary in the last 12 months is taken for the calculation, subject to a maximum salary that is capped at Rs:15,000/-. The calculation is as follows:

35,000 x 15,000 = Rs: 5,25,000/-

To this amount, an additional bonus amount of Rs:1,75,000/- is added taking the total amount payable to Rs:7,00,000/-.

Eligibility to claim the EDLI Benefits

The insurance benefits can be claimed by the family members, legal heirs, and nominees of the member.

– Member of the family nominated by the member under the EPF scheme

– In case a nomination has not been made, all the members of the family except major sons, married daughters with major sons, and married granddaughters.

– In case there is no family and no nomination, then legal heirs.

– In the case of a minor, the guardian/family member/legal heirs.

Forms Required

To claim the insurance, the nominee, legal heir, and family member have to apply in EDLI Form 5 IF. The claim form has to be filled separately by each claimant and if the claimant is a minor, the guardian has to fill the form on his/her behalf.

The form has to be filled offline and has to be submitted to the regional EPF Commissioner’s Office along with the Death Certificate issued by the Employer, mentioning the date of death of the member. The Form should also mention the mode of fund transfer.

How to claim EDLI benefits?

  • The member should have been an active member of EPF at the time of death.
  • Form 5 IF has to be filled and submitted to the EPF Commissioner to get the insurance benefit.
  • The form has to be signed and certified by the employer.
  • Where there is no employer, the form has to be attested by any of the following officials:

– A gazetted officer

– The District Magistrate

– Member of Parliament or MLA

– President of the Village Panchayat

– Chairman/Secretary/Member of the Municipal or District Local Board

– Postmaster or Sub-Postmaster

– Regional Committee of EPF or Member of CBT

– Manager of the Bank in which the account is maintained.

Documents required for claiming EDLI

    • Death Certificate of the Member
    • Guardianship Certificate if a person other than the natural guardian files the claim on behalf of a minor family member/nominee/legal heir.
    • Succession Certificate in case the legal heir makes the claim
    • A copy of the canceled cheque of the Bank account to which the payment has to be made.
    • Where the member was last employed under an establishment that is exempted under the EPF Scheme, the employer of such establishment should furnish the PF details of the last 12 months under the certificate part and also submit an attested copy of the Member Nomination Form.

The EPF Commissioner is liable to settle the claim within 30 days failing which he is liable to pay interest @ 12% per annum from the stipulated date to the actual date of settlement.

The EDLI Scheme under the EPF Act provides critical support to the family members of a member who has died while in service. The family members, nominees, and legal heirs are eligible to get a maximum of ₹ 7,00,000 in the event of the death of the member in service. This is a great boon to the family at a very critical juncture.

GetifyHR has been able to provide strong support to clients across the country through its Payroll and HR management outsourcing module. This has provided our clients with a strong edge and helped them to improve the overall performance of the company. Through this outsourcing module, the entire gamut of Payroll processing and HR Management are handled seamlessly and efficiently. This has not only enhanced the performance of the company but has also ushered in a more harmonious work atmosphere.

Labour welfare fund

What is the Labour Welfare Fund and what are its benefits?


The Labour Welfare Fund is an initiative by the Government of India to extend a measure of social assistance to employees in the unorganized sector.  It is a kind of financial assistance for workers to improve their working conditions and standard of living.

Out of the 36 states and Union Territories, only 16 States/UTs have so far implemented this Act. As per the Act, the employees and employers contribute towards this Fund, and in some states, the state also contributes.  Since the Fund is managed by independent states, the rules vary from one state to another.  Any business/industry that satisfies the criteria of number of employees required by the Act to come under its purview has to register with the concerned Labour Department of the state.


In Tamil Nadu, if a company has 5 or more employees on its payroll then it has to register with the Labour Department.  In Kerala, it is 2 or more employees and in Gujarat, it is 10 or more employees. Each State/UT has its own rules to become eligible for registration.

The Act is not applicable to all categories of employees, and depends on the wages earned and the designation of the employees.  Those employees who are in the managerial or supervisory position and drawing salary that is more than what is stipulated in the Act are not eligible for the Fund.  This will vary from state to state.

States/UTs that have implemented the LWF Act

The following States and Union Territories have implemented the Labour Welfare Fund Act:

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Chattisgarh
  4. Delhi
  5. Goa
  6. Gujarat
  7. Haryana
  8. Karnataka
  9. Kerala
  10. Maharashtra
  11. Madhya Pradesh
  12. Odisha
  13. Punjab.
  14. Tamil Nadu
  15. Telengana
  16. West Bengal.

States/UTs that have not implemented the LWF Act

The following States and Union Territories have not implemented the Labour Welfare Fund Act:

  1. Andaman & Nicobar Islands
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  6. Daman and Diu
  7. Himachal Pradesh
  8. Jammu and Kashmir
  9. Jharkhand
  10. Lakshadweep
  11. Manipur
  12. Megalaya
  13. Mizoram
  14. Nagaland
  15. Pondicherry
  16. Rajasthan
  17. Sikkim
  18. Tripura
  19. Uttar Pradesh

Amount of Contribution

The amount of contribution also varies from state to state.  The following table provides details of the contribution period, contribution amount and due dates for remittance of the contribution.

State/UT Contribution regularity Contribution Months Employee Contribution Employer Contribution Contribution Total Return & Due Date
Andhra Pradesh Annual December 30 70 100 Form F

Jan 31

Chandigarh Monthly April-March 5 20 25 Nil



Chattisgarh Half-Yearly June- Dec. 15 45 60 Form A

31 July

31 Jan

Delhi Half-Yearly June-Dec. 0.75 2.25 6 Form A

15 July

15 Jan.

Goa Half-Yearly June-Dec 60 180 240 Form A

31 July

31 Jan.

Gujarat Half-Yearly June-Dec 6 12 18 Form A1

31 July

31 Jan.

Haryana Monthly Jan – Dec 31 62 93 Nil

31 Dec

Karnataka Annual December 20 40 60 Form D

15 Jan.

Kerala Half-Yearly June-Dec 4 12 16 Form A

15 July

15 Jan

Maharastra Half-Yearly June-Dec 6/12 18/36 24/48 Form A1

15 July

15 Jan

Madhya Pradesh Half-Yearly June-Dec 10 30 40 Nil

15 July

15 Jan

Odisha Half-Yearly June-Dec 20 40 60 Form F

15 July

15 Jan

Punjab Monthly April-March 5 20 25 Nil

15 Oct

15 April

Tamil Nadu Annual December 20 40 60 Form D

15 Jan

Telengana Annual December 2 5 7 Form F

31 Jan

West Bengal Half-Yearly June-Dec 3 15 18 Form D

15 July

15 Jan.

How is the Labour Welfare Fund utilized?

The Labour Welfare Fund is utilized by the Labour Welfare Board to cover the following activities.

  • To provide Libraries
  • For Vocational Training
  • To provide adequate nutrition to children
  • Towards transport facilities
  • For the education of children, through scholarships
  • To provide Medical facilities for employees and dependents
  • To provide entertainment facilities to the employees – sports, art forms, music
  • To provide vacation facilities for employees and their families
  • For providing subsidiary occupation for women and unemployed persons.
  • To provide assistance for Natural and Accidental Death. In Tamilnadu an Accidental death Assistance of  ₹ 1,00,000 and  ₹5,000 towards funeral expenses is provided.  When death is natural, a sum of   ₹25,000/- assistance along with ₹5,000 towards funeral expenses is provided.


The Labour Welfare Fund Act is an important legislation to protect the interests of the workers, especially in the unorganized sector. However, only 16 states and UTs have so far implemented the Act. Though it has not been implemented in all the States and Union Territories in the country, many states and UTs are in the process of implementing them shortly.

GetifyHR is rightly placed to provide a perfect solution to companies that need to streamline their Payroll and be compliant with all the statutory requirements. As one of the top outsourcers of Payroll processing and HR Management, we have been providing exemplary service to our clients across the country. Our outsourcing module can seamlessly handle all aspects of Payroll processing with a high degree of accuracy enabling stress-free operations month over month. In the process, it also handles all the statutory requirements so that the company is compliant always.

Policies Shops and Establishment Act

What are the policies that should be maintained in a company that is covered by the Shops and Establishment Act?


The Shops and Establishment Act was established to protect the rights of employees in commercial establishments like business houses, offices, stores, warehouses, hotels, amusement parks, theatres, etc., nationwide. The provisions of the Act form one of the most important regulations required to be complied with by businesses. Every state has framed its own separate Shops and Establishment Act. However, the scope of the Act is similar across the nation, barring a few minor changes from state to state.

The Shops and Establishment Act regulates the following areas:

– Working hours

– Rest intervals for employees

– Overtime eligibility

– Leave Policy

– Opening and Closing hours of the establishment

– Weekly holidays, national and religious holidays

– Wages for holidays

– Annual, Casual, Maternity, and Sick leave

– Time and conditions for payment of wages

– Deduction of Wages

– Termination conditions

– Cleanliness, lighting, and ventilation of premises

– Precautions against fire

– Prohibition of employment of children

– Employment of young persons or women

– Maintaining various records/registers

– Display of Notices-Certificates

The establishments that are registered under the Shops and Establishment Act have to frame certain policies that will enable them to comply with all the regulations of the Act.  Failure to do so will attract penalties and other penal actions.

This article articulates the policies and actions to be taken by establishments that are registered under the Shops and Establishment Act.


Any company or establishment that is subject to come under the rules of the Shops and Establishment Act has to register with the Labour Department. These registrations have to be made within the days mentioned in the Act and this would differ from state to state. In some states, the registration has to be obtained within 30 days of the commencement of business, whereas, in some other states it is 60, 90, or even 180 days from the commencement of business.

Hours of Business – Opening and Closing hours:

This should be fixed in accordance with the provisions of Chapter III of the Act. Typically the Act specifies that an employee has to work for 48 hours a week and shall not work for more than 9 hours in a day.  This may vary from state to state.

Weekly, National, and Religious Holidays:

The Act provides for at least one-day weekly holiday. In addition to this, the employees are eligible for Casual Leave, Annual Leave, Sick Leave, and Maternity Leave as per the provisions of the Act in the states.

National Holidays may be common across the states but the Religious holidays may vary from state to state. A proper leave policy has to be maintained by the establishment.

Payment of Wages:

The Act provides that the employees are paid their wages on time and as per the employment contract. In addition to this paid leave can be availed by employees and this includes Annual Leave, Sick Leave, and Maternity Leave. Typically, employees are eligible for at least 12 days of paid leave per year and this may vary from state to state.

Overtime Wages:

Employees who work for extra hours are eligible for overtime wages and this should be paid in accordance with the rules.

Deduction of Wages:

Wage deduction policies should be as per the rules framed in the Act for such deductions.

Termination from Service:

Proper policies have to be framed as per Sec.66 the Act for Termination of Employees.

Employment of Children

The Act has provisions for the employment of children and this should be properly reflected in the policies of the establishment.

Employment of young persons and Women:

As per the Shops & Establishments Act, there are strict rules regarding the employment of young persons and women. These mostly pertain to the number of hours and working hours. These policies should be strictly maintained by the establishment.

Register and Records:

Specific Registers and records have to be properly maintained as per the Act. These include the Register of Employees, Register of Wages and Deductions, etc.

Cleanliness, Lighting, and ventilation of the premises:

The Establishment has to maintain a clean and dust-free workplace. Proper ventilation has to be provided on the premises with adequate lighting. The Act mandates that a safe and secure work atmosphere is provided to the employee.

Provisions for Fire Emergency

The Act envisages the need for having emergency exits in the event of fire risks.

Full-body Medical check-up:

All employees should undergo a full-body medical check-up by a certified surgeon or doctor at least once a year. These records have to be properly maintained.


Any establishment that comes under the purview of the Shops & Establishment Act has to strictly adhere to the rules and regulations, failing which they will be penalized.

These may be in the form of fines or in some cases imprisonment. Contravening these rules is a serious offense and it is therefore in the interest of the establishment to have clear policies that enable full compliance.

GetifyHR is one of the premier establishments providing strong support in managing Payroll and HR management through a well-established outsourcing module. With years of experience in this industry, we have provided exemplary service to our clients across the country. We have very effectively implemented all the requirements of the Shops and Establishment Act in our module and this has enabled our clients to be fully compliant with all the rules and regulations of the Act. This is an association that will enable you to conduct your business in a stress-free manner and thereby not only promote greater growth but also create a more harmonious workplace.

ESIC eligibility criteria and benefits

ESIC eligibility criteria and benefits for members and dependents!

The Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) scheme was launched by the Government of India with the primary objective of providing cover to employees from health-related contingencies such as permanent or temporary disablement, sickness, death due to injury caused during employment or occupational disease that adversely affects the earning capacity of the worker. Through this scheme, an employee will be able to overcome the financial burden due to such eventualities.


The ESI Act provides Medical cover and other benefits to employees in factories, business establishments like hotels, cinema houses, road transport, newspapers, educational and medical institutions, and shops wherein 10 or more persons are employed. The scheme offers benefits to both the employees and their dependents in case of any emergencies like hospitalization or accidents at the workplace.

As per the Act, any worker or employee earning wages up to ₹ 21,000 per month is entitled to these benefits.

The Benefits

The benefits that members or their dependents are eligible to receive have been spelt out in Section 46 of the Act. Members are eligible to receive six social security benefits and they are as follows:

  1. Medical Benefit
  2. Sickness Benefit
  3. Maternity Benefit
  4. Disablement Benefit
  5. Dependent Benefit
  6. Other Benefits
I.  Medical Benefit

Through this full medical care is provided to the Insured Person (IP) and his family members from the day of entering insurable employment. The family includes spouses, dependent children up to 18 years (if continuing education up to 21 years) dependent unmarried daughter, dependent infirm children, and dependent parents.

Also if the Insured Person is unmarried and his/her parents are not alive, the minor brother or sister wholly dependent on the earnings of the Insured person.

There is no ceiling on the expenditure incurred in the treatment of the insured person or his/her dependent. The Act also provides medical care to retired and permanently disabled insured person and their spouse on payment of a token annual premium of ₹ 120. The following are the provisions and benefits.

  1. System of Medicine
  2. Entitlement
  3. Benefits to retired persons
  4. Domiciliary Hospitalization
  5. Consultation with Specialists
  6. Investigation and Imaging Services
  7. In-patient treatment
  8. Artificial Limbs and Aids
1. System of Medicine

The Allopathic system of Medicine is the normal system of treatment. However, considering the request of a substantial number of workers to provide treatment in the Indian System of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM & H), treatment is now been provided through Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy, and also through Yoga therapy.

The required certificates for availing of the benefits have to be issued by the concerned Insurance Medical Officer (IMO) or Insurance Medical Practitioner (IMP) appointed by the State government. This facility is available in 95 selected ESI Hospitals/Dispensaries throughout the country.

2. Entitlement

The State Government in consultation with the Corporation prescribes the level of entitlement benefits that members or their family members are entitled to. An IP or a family member can only avail of the medical benefits prescribed. All beneficiaries are entitled to reasonable medical, surgical, and obstetric treatment.

Entitlement of IPs

ESI Hospital / Dispensary / Diagnostic Centre and other recognized institutions offer the following treatment to all IPs.

– Outpatient Treatment

– Domiciliary Treatment

– Hospitalization as In-patient

– Full supply of Drugs, dressings, aids, appliances, and artificial limbs.

– Laboratory and Imaging services.

– Entitled to receive benefits under the Integrated family welfare scheme, MCH, and other national health programs.

– Ambulance service or reimbursement of conveyance charges for visiting hospitals or diagnostic centres.

– Medical Certification

– Other special provisions.

Entitlement of Family Members

Family members of an IP are entitled to one or other medical benefit:

– Full Medical Care which means all facilities entitled to IPs including hospitalization

– Extended Medical Care which includes all facilities provided to IPs but without hospitalization.

However, plans are afoot to provide uniform Medicare Care to family members in all implemented areas as the rates of contribution paid by the employee and employer are uniform across the country.

2.  Benefits to Retired IPs and Disabled Persons

Under Section 56 of the Act, a member on payment of a lump sum ₹ 120 for one year in advance, (₹ 10 per month) can avail of the following benefits:

– This benefit is available till the period for which the Insured person contributes. The insurance should not be for less than five years and the IP should have left insurable employment on attaining the age of superannuation or taken VRS or retired prematurely. The spouse is also entitled to this benefit.

– An insured person or his/her spouse who ceases to be in insurable employment on account of permanent disablement due to injury suffered during employment shall be entitled to receive medical benefits.

3.  Domiciliary Treatment

The IPs and his/her family members are entitled to free medical treatment at their residence when the patient’s condition is such that he/she cannot undertake travel to attend the clinic/dispensary. The concerned IMO/IMP is required to attend to the person at his/her residence. The IMO/IMP is required to maintain a proper record of the domiciliary visits in a register month-wise.

4.  Consultation with Specialists

As per the Act, Specialist consultation to IPs and members of their family is to be provided in areas with “Expanded” and “Full” Medical care. Specialist consultation may be provided at Specialist/Diagnostic Center’s, ESI Hospitals, and at such other institutions where Specialists/Super Specialists have been appointed on a full-time/part-time basis.

Such Specialist Consultations are available in specialties like General medicine, Surgery, Pulmonary Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Paediatrics, Ophthalmology, ENT, Orthopaedics, Cardiology, Neurology, Urology & Nephrology, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology, Oncology, and many other specialties.

5. In-Patient Treatment

In areas with “FULL” Medical Care facilities, the family members are entitled to hospitalization. IPs are eligible for hospitalization in all areas. All ESI Hospitals provide in-patient treatment. This facility is also available by reservation of beds in hospitals owned by the State government, or in Private institutions, or by constructing annexes to such institutions.

6.  Investigation and Imaging Services

The IPs and family members are entitled to free Laboratory Investigation and Imaging Services. The Imaging facilities include CT Scans, MRI & Echo-Cardiograph. These services can be availed from state-level specialty hospitals or other institutions that have tie-up with ESIC.

7. Artificial Limbs and Aids

IPs and their family member are provided the following Artificial Limbs and aids as part of the medical care under the ESI scheme.

Artificial Limbs, Hearing Aids, Wigs (for women beneficiaries only), Cardiac Pacemaker, Wheelchair/Tricycle, Spinal support, Cervical Collar, Crutches, Surgical Boots, Hip Prosthesis, intra-Ocular Lens, and any other aids or appliances prescribed by the Specialist. Apart from this, Spectacles, Artificial Dentures, and Artificial Eyes are available to the IPs only. The expenses incurred for purchasing artificial limbs and aids are met from the shareable pool of expenditure on medical care.

II.  Sickness Benefits

Sickness Benefit is a benefit in the form of cash compensation payable to the IPs during periods of certified sickness. 70% of average daily wages are payable to the IP up to a maximum of 91 days in a year on condition that the insured person has contributed for 78 days in a contributory period of 6 months.

1. Extended Sickness Benefit

Continuous insurable employment for two years with 156 days contribution in four consecutive periods is required to avail of this benefit if suffering from 34 specified long-term diseases.

The benefit is available for 309 days which may be extended up to two years on medical advice up to 60 years of age and can be availed during a period of three years. Rate: 80% of the average daily wages.

2. Enhanced Sickness Benefit

Payment of contribution for 78 days in the corresponding contribution period of six months

This benefit is payable to IPs undergoing sterilization for family planning. Full wages are paid for 7 days for Vasectomy and 14 days for Tubectomy, and are extendable on medical advice. The rate of payment is 100% of the daily average wages.

III.  Maternity Benefit

Payment of contribution of 70 days in two preceding contribution periods (one year).

Benefit: Up to 26 weeks in case of normal delivery and up to 6 weeks in case of miscarriage, that is extendable by 4 weeks on medical advice. For insured women with two or more surviving children Maternity Benefit will be for 12 weeks. Rate: 100% of the average daily wages.

IV. Disablement Benefit

1. Temporary Disablement Benefit

From day one of entering insurable employment irrespective of  having paid any contribution and payable for employment injury cases only.

Benefit: As long as temporary disablement lasts.  Rate: 90% of the average daily wages.

2.  Occupational Diseases

The Occupational Diseases is defined in the third schedule of ESI Act, 1948 and as confirmed by the Special Medical Board are treated as Employment injury.

Benefit: As long as temporary disablement lasts.  Rate: 90% of the average daily wages.

3.  Permanent Disability Benefit

Same as in the case of temporary disablement but after Medical Board decision.

Benefit:  For whole life.  Rate: 90% of the average daily wages if permanent disability is total.  In case of partial disablement proportionate to the loss of earning capacity.

V.  Dependent Benefit

If the IP is deceased and the cause of death is due to employment injury or occupational hazard, then the benefit is paid to the dependents of the deceased IP.

To the widow for life or until her re-marriage. To children till the age of 25 years. To dependent parents for life.

Rate: 90% of the average daily wages shareable in fixed proportion.

VI. Other Benefits

1. Funeral Expenses

From day one of entering insurable employment and if eligible for any benefit as an insured person. Rate:  Actual expenses subject to a maximum of ₹ 15,000 (w.e.f. 01-03-2019).

2. Confinement Expenses

Confinement expense is paid to a woman IP or an IP in respect of his wife in case the confinement occurs in a place where necessary medical facilities under the ESI scheme are not available.

Benefits: Up to two confinements only.  Rate: ₹ 5,000 per case.

In addition to the above, Vocational Rehabilitation benefit is provided to permanently disabled IPs for undergoing Vocational Rehabilitation training at the VT Centres. IPs are also eligible to receive Physical Rehabilitation benefits in case of physical disablement due to employment injury.

3. Unemployment Allowance

The IP also benefits from 2 schemes introduced by the Government:

1. Rajiv Gandhi Shramik Kalyan Yojana

This scheme was launched on 01-09-2005. In case of involuntary loss of employment due to closure of the establishment, retrenchment of due to permanent disablement due to non-employment injury and the contribution in respect of him have been paid/payable in for a maximum of 2 years prior to the loss of employment.

Benefit:  maximum twenty four months during the lifetime.  Rate:  50% of the average daily wages for first 12 months and thereafter 25% of average daily wages up to 24 months.

2. Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana

The ESI Corporation has introduced the Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana (ABVKY) with effect from 01-07-2018 as a welfare measure for employees who have been rendered unemployed.

Benefit:  Subject to the eligibility conditions, in the form of cash compensation up to 25% of the average daily wages up to 90 days, once in a lifetime, to be claimed after 3 months from unemployment in one or more spells.

4. Vocational Training

Vocational Training is provided in case of physical disablement due to employment injury.

Benefits: As long as vocational training lasts.  Rate:  Actual fee charged or ₹ 123 a day or whichever is higher.

5. Physical Training

Physical Training is provided in case of physical disablement due to employment injury.

Benefits: As long as a person is admitted in an artificial limb Centre. Rate:  100% of the average daily wages.

6. Skill Upgradation Training

Skill Upgradation Training is provided in case of physical disablement due to employment injury.

Benefits: For a short duration maximum up to 12 months.

7. Quota for MBBS/BDS Admission

The children of Insured Person/Insured Woman who satisfy the eligibility conditions as per the guidelines issued by ESIC Headquarters from time to tome published in the website www.esic.nic.in will be eligible for admission under IP quota in Medical Institutions.

Benefits:  MBBS/BDS seats are reserved for wards (children) of IP in ESIC Medical/Dental Colleges. The candidate should attend the NEET Examination and should find a place in the rank list.


The benefits provided to employees through the ESI scheme have enabled employees to withstand the financial pressures due to medical emergencies and injuries caused in the course of employment. Both the IPs and their family members have benefitted greatly from these schemes and they stand testimony to the various welfare measures introduced for the welfare of employees.

GetifyHR, one of the premier outsourcers of Payroll Processing and HR Management has been assisting clients across the country in all aspects of payroll processing and statutory compliance issues. We have been able to also assist employees to receive all their benefits so that they could tide over very serious crises in their life by way of hospitalization due to medical emergencies and injuries suffered during employment. This has enabled management to enjoy a greater rapport with the employees and has helped to promote positive growth.

Professional Tax

What is Professional Tax, Rates, Due Date, Compliance

Professional Tax is a direct tax levied by the state government on individuals who earn a living through employment or as professionals like doctors, lawyers, chartered accountants, any business, freelancers, HUF, and other professionals. The Professional Tax rates and the methods of tax collection differ from state to state and some states do not impose this tax.

The state governments are empowered to frame these laws pertaining to Profession tax under Article 276 of the Constitution of India which deals with tax on profession, employment, and callings.

Professional Tax is levied by the Commercial Taxes Department of each State. The tax is levied based on the income earned through profession, business, or employment. In other words, it’s a tax ₹that is to be paid by each individual who earns income. As mentioned earlier, the tax amount collected differs from state to state and each state or union territory follows its slab system to collect the tax. However, there is a ceiling on the amount of tax that can be collected in a year.

When Professional Tax was imposed in the year 1949 the maximum amount to be collected was ₹ 250 per year. In the year 1988, this was raised to ₹ 2500, and till today it remains unchanged.

What are the different professional tax rates?

The slab structure existing in 2 major districts is briefed hereunder to illustrate the Professional tax rates.

Professional tax slabs in Coimbatore
Salary Slab Tax Amount
Upto  Rs.21,000 NIL
Rs. 21,001 to 30,000 Rs. 171
Rs. 30,001 to 45,000 Rs. 428
Rs. 45,001 to 60,000 Rs. 856
Rs. 60,001 to 75,000 Rs. 1250
Above Rs.75,000 Rs. 1250
Professional tax slabs in Chennai
Salary Slab Tax Amount
Upto  Rs.21,000 NIL
Rs. 21,001 to 30,000 Rs. 135
Rs. 30,001 to 45,000 Rs. 315
Rs. 45,001 to 60,000 Rs. 690
Rs. 60,001 to 75,000 Rs. 1025
Above Rs.75,000 Rs. 1250

States and Union Territories where Professional Tax is applicable

The following are the states and union territories where Professional Tax is applicable:

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Assam
  3. Bihar
  4. Chattisgarh
  5. Gujarat
  6. Jharkhand
  7. Kerala
  8. Karnataka
  9. Maharashtra
  10. Megalaya
  11. Madhya Pradesh
  12. Manipur
  13. Mizoram
  14. Nagaland
  15. Odisha
  16. Puducherry
  17. Punjab
  18. Sikkim
  19. Tamilnadu
  20. Telangana
  21. Tripura
  22. West Bengal

States and Union Territories where Professional Tax is not applicable

The following are the states and union territories where Professional Tax is not applicable:

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  3. Chandigarh
  4. Delhi
  5. Daman & Diu
  6. Dadar and Nagar Haveli
  7. Goa
  8. Himachal Pradesh
  9. Haryana
  10. Jammu & Kashmir
  11. Ladakh
  12. Lakshadweep
  13. Rajasthan
  14. Uttar Pradesh
  15. Uttarakhand

Who collects Professional Tax?

The Commercial Tax Department of the respective state is responsible to collect Professional Tax.

Whose responsibility is it to pay Professional Tax?

Based on whether the taxpayer is a salaried employee, a professional, a trader, or a freelancer the method of paying Professional Tax varies.

  • If the taxpayer is a salaried employee, then it is the responsibility of the employer to deduct the tax complement and remit the tax to the government.
  • If the taxpayer is a professional like a doctor, a chartered accountant, an engineer, a lawyer, or some other professional, the individual has to register with the department and pay the relevant tax as and when it is due.
  • Individuals who are carrying out freelancing activities are required to register with the department and pay tax accordingly.
  • Any individual who is carrying on a trade (Corporate, partnership firms, sole proprietorship, etc.) is also required to register and obtain a Professional Tax registration certificate to be able to pay the relevant tax. In addition, the employer has to obtain a professional tax enrolment certificate to be able to deduct the tax from his employees and pay the government. Where the offices are located in different locations, separate registration has to be obtained.

Who is exempted from paying Professional tax?

The Professional Tax Rules expect every individual who earns a regular income to pay the tax to the government as and when due. However, there are certain exemptions to these rules. The list below gives details of the categories of people who are exempted from paying Professional Tax.

  • Members of the three services, the Army, Air Force, and Navy.
  • An individual who suffers from mental or physical disability. The disability could be blindness, deafness, or any other disability.
  • Parent of children who suffer from mental or physical disability.
  • Hospitals run on charity that is located in places that are below the taluk level.
  • Workers who are temporarily employed in a factory.
  • Individuals running educational institutions.
  • A foreigner who has been employed by the State.
  • Any individual whose age is above 65 years.
  • Women who are solely engaged as agents under the Mahila Pradhan Kshetriya Bahat Yogana (MPKBY) of the Government of India.

Penalties for non-compliance with Professional Tax rules and non-payment of tax

The penalty for non-compliance and non-payment of tax is determined by the Professional Tax regulation of each state. Businesses that fail to register with the authorities or default in payment or fail to file the returns by the scheduled date are penalized with fines, late fees, or interest. For example, Karnataka imposes a fine of 1.25% per month on any unpaid tae, whereas, West Bengal imposes an annual fee of 12% on a registered employer who fails to pay the tax dues. In Maharastra, the penalty of ₹ 5 per day is imposed for late registration. For late payment of tax, 1.25% monthly interest is charged and for non-payment, a 10% penalty is imposed. For late submission of returns, the penalty is in the range of ₹ 1000 to ₹ 2000.


Professional Tax is a mandatory tax levied on every individual who earns a living. This may be a very onerous tax and with the frequent changes in the rules and regulations, it is advisable to consult with professionals to be fully compliant.

GetifyHR has immense experience in handling Professional Tax and all other Statutory Compliance issues. With our high-performance, technology-oriented, cloud-based outsourcing Payroll and HR Management module, we have been able to reduce the burden of our valued clients in handling the payroll. All statutory compliance issues including Professional tax matters have been skilfully handled thus guaranteeing the smooth running of the entire payroll and management process.

Higher Pension

The EPFO Higher Pension Scheme: Guidelines, Forms, Calculation, Formula, Eligibility, Benefits

The Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) launched the Employees Pension Scheme (EPS) in the year 1995.  Through this scheme EPFO members are entitled to a pension after retirement.  The employee’s contribution of 12% of salary was fully utilised towards EPF, whereas from the employer’s contribution 8.33% goes to EPS and 3.67% to the EPF.

Initially, the pensionable salary was capped at ₹ 5000 and was subsequently raised to ₹ 6500.  In March 1996, a provision was added to para 11(3) of the EPS-95 act giving the option to the employee and employer to contribute at the actual salary (above the cap of ₹ 6,500) to the EPS.  However, the members were given 6 months to file a joint option form for higher pension contribution to the EPS.

On 01-09-2014, the Government amended the EPS-95 through the Employees Pension (Amendment) Scheme, 2014 in which the maximum pensionable salary was raised to ₹ 15,000.  However, the provision to para 11(3) that allowed the option of joint filing by the employee and employer for higher contribution to the EPS has been omitted.

Employees who joined the EPS after 01-09-2014 can only make the contribution at 8.33% of the maximum pensionable salary of ₹ 15,000, even though they drew a higher salary.  Employees who joined before 01-09-2014 could, however, contribute to EPS on the actual salary as against the cap of ₹ 15,000 if they filed a new joint option with the EPFO within 6 months, i.e., 28-02-2015.

Pension Contribution on Higher Salary under EPS

The Employees Pension (Amendment) Scheme 2014 regarding pension contribution on higher salary became contentious as many employees are not fully aware of these options.  EPFO also rejected the joint option filed by many employees and where the employers contributed 8.33% towards EPS on employees’ actual salaries without filing joint option, the pensionable salary was taken as ₹ 15,000 for pension calculation.

This prompted many employees to file cases in various High Courts and the matter was finally taken up by the Supreme Court.  The decision of the Supreme Court is briefly tabulated hereunder:

Employee Status Whether Joint option exercised Whether eligible to claim 8.33% pension contribution on higher salary Mode for claiming higher pension.
Employee in service as on 01-09-2014 Yes.  Joint option rejected by the EPFO YES By filing an application for higher pension


Employee who retired before 01-09-2014 No.  Contribution to EPS above its cap of  ₹ 5000 / 6500 YES By exercising the option before  03-05-2023
Employee who retired before 01-09-2014 Yes.  Joint option rejected by EPFO YES By filing both, a joint option and an application for higher pension
Employee who retired before 01-09-2014 No.  Did not exercise joint option. NO Not applicable

The Supreme Court ruled that employees who were part of the EPS but have not exercised the joint option can do so before 03-05-2023.  For such employees, the higher EPS contribution will be calculated from the date of joining.

Eligibility for EPS Higher Pension

The eligibility criteria and application process for claiming higher pension has been set out in the circular issued by EPFO in December 2022.  The following are the eligibility criteria:

  • All member employees who retired before 01-09-2014
  • All member employees who exercised the joint option under para 11(3) of EPS-95.
  • The employees and employers who contributed towards EPS on salaries exceeding the wage ceiling of ₹ 5000 or ₹ 6500
  • In case the EPFO has declined the exercise of such option.

However, the circular has not provision to provide a higher pension option for employees who were members of the EPF before 01-09-2014 but are still working or who retired after 2014.  The Supreme Court judgement however, ruled that such employees are eligible to claim a higher pension.

In response, the EPFO issued another circular in February 2023 providing higher pension eligibility or employees in service or who retired after 2014.  The eligibility criteria to file a joint option for getting a higher pension as per the new circular are given below:

  • All employees who were members before 01-09-2014 and continue to be members after that date.
  • The employees and employers who contributed to EPS on salaries exceeding the wage ceiling of ₹ 5000 or ₹ 6500
  • The employees and employers who were members of EPS-95 and did not exercise the joint option provided under the deleted para 11(3) of the EPS and the Amendment of 2014.

The employees who were members of EPS-95 and exercised the joint option under the deleted para 11(3) of the EPS but did not file new joint option after the amendment of 2014 are not eligible to claim a higher pension.  The EPS contribution of such employees will be 8.33% on the maximum amount of ₹ 15,000, irrespective of their actual salaries.

The Process of applying for Higher Pension in EPS

The application for joint option or claim for higher pension is specified by the concerned Regional Provident Fund Commissioner (RPFC).  The EPFO has released a URL for applying online.  Four steps are involved in this process.

Step 1:   The employee has to visit the EPFO Unified Member Portal.  The Universal Account Number (UAN) has to be used for this purpose.

Step 2:   Click on the application Form for “Joint Option” option.

Step 3:   This step is to validate your option.  If you retired before 2014 then click on “Validation of Joint Option for employees who retired before 01-09-2014 and exercised joint option”.

If you retired after 2014, then click on “Exercise of Joint Option for employees who were in service prior to 01-09-2014 and continued to be in service on 01-09-2014 but could not exercise the joint option”.

Step 4:   Fill in all the relevant details and submit the form.

The EPFO will digitally register each application and a receipt number will be allotted to the applicant.  The application is then forwarded to the respective employer for verification.  The verified files with the e-sign/digital signature will go for further processing.  The RPFC will convert all the applications received into e-files.

The application will be examined and forwarded to the section account officer/supervisor by the dealing assistant.  The concerned section account officer/supervisor will mark all discrepancies and forward to the Asst. Provident Fund Commissioner (APFC/RPFC-II).

The APFC/RPFC-II will examine the application and convey the decision regarding higher pension to the applicant via email, post or SMS.

Submission of Higher Pension Option Form

All eligible employees who become members of EPS-95 but are retired/working after 2014 can apply and submit the joint option forms online or with the concerned Regional Provident Fund Officer within 03-05-2023 to receive higher pension.

Guidelines for receiving Higher Pension through EPS

The following are the guidelines to be followed for receiving higher pension:

  • All joint option forms or higher pension claim applications should be accompanied by a disclaimer or declaration.
  • The employee has to give full consent in the joint option/application for a share adjustment from EPF to EPS and for a re-deposit of the amount.
  • The employee has to give an undertaking to the trustee for a share transfer of funds from exempted PF Trust to the EPS fund. The undertaking will be effective for the deposit of due contribution and interest thereon up to the payment date within the specified time.
  • The employees’ share of contribution will be deposited with interest at the rate declared under para 60 or the EPF scheme, 1952 for employees of unexempted establishments.
Documents to be submitted with Higher Pension claim application
  • Proof of joint option verified by the employer filed under para 26(6) of the EPF scheme.
  • Proof of joint option verified by the employer filed under para 11(3) of the Act.
  • Proof of remittance of EPS contribution in the PF Account exceeding the capped wage limit of ₹ 5,000 or ₹ 6,500.
  • The written refusal of APFC or EPFO to such remittance or request.
Documents to be submitted for joint option application
  • Proof of remittance of EPS contribution in the PF Account exceeding the capped wage limit of ₹ 5,000 or ₹ 6,500.
  • Proof of joint option verified by the employer filed under para 26(6) of the EPF scheme.
EPS Higher Pension Calculation

The formula for calculating the EPS higher pension is as follows:

Monthly Pension amount  =   Pensionable Salary  x  Pensionable Service/70

Pensionable Salary is the average salary drawn over the last 60 months.

Pensionable Service is the number of years contributions were made to the EPS account.

In case an employee renders more than 20 years of service before retirement at 58 years, then a weightage of 2 years is added to the service period.  However, the maximum pensionable service is limited to 35 years.

Calculation on cap of ₹ 15,000 for a pensionable service of 25 years:

Salary EPF Contribution EPS @ 8.33% of ₹ 15,000 EPF Contribution
50,000 6,000 1,250 4,750

Calculation on Actual salary for a Pensionable Service of 25 years:

Salary EPF Contribution EPS @ 8.33% of ₹ 50,000 EPF Contribution
50,000 6,000 4,165 1,835

Monthly Pension when you do not file a Joint Option:

Age when joined EPF Retirement Age Pensionable Salary Pensionable Service Pension Amount due
30 58 15,000 28 15,000 x 30 (28+2)/70 = 6428

Monthly Pension when you file a Joint Option:

Age when joined EPF Retirement Age Pensionable Salary Pensionable Service Pension Amount due
30 58 50,000 28 50,000 x 30 (28+2)/70 = 21,428
Employees' Pension Scheme

Employees’ Pension Scheme and the types of Pension available

The Employees’ Pension Scheme (EPS) is a social security scheme administered by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO). Launched in the year 1995, the scheme provides for employees working in the organized sector pension after their retirement at the age of 58 years. The benefits of the scheme can be availed by employees who have put in service for at least 10 years and this does not have to be continuous service. The scheme allows both existing and new EPF members to avail the benefit.

The pension fund is created from the contribution made by the employees and employers towards EPF.

Both the employees and the employer contribute 12 percent each of the basic salary towards the fund of which the entire share from the employees is contributed towards EPF, whereas, 8.33 percent of the employer share is contributed towards EPS, and the balance of 3.67 percent is contributed towards EPF every month. The government of India contributes 1.16% of your average salary (Basic Wages) towards this fund.

EPS eligibility criteria

To be eligible to avail of the benefits under the Employees’ Pension scheme, the employee should be a member of EPFO. Apart from this, the following conditions apply.

  • The employee should have completed 10 years of active service (need not be continuous service) along with an active contribution towards the pension fund for the same number of years. If an Employee is still in service and hasn’t completed 10 years, EPS amount cannot be withdrawn.
  • Should have reached the age of 58 years.
  • Should have attained 50 years of age to withdraw EPS pension at the lower rate.
  • Can delay the withdrawal of pension by 2 years i.e., till he reaches 60 years, to be eligible to get pension under EPS at the additional rate of 4% annually.
  • If a member becomes totally and permanently disabled he is entitled to a pension irrespective of whether the member has served the pensionable service period or not.
How to calculate Pension under EPS?

To calculate the pension we have to understand two terms, and they are Pensionable salary and Pensionable service.

Pensionable Salary

Pensionable salary is the average salary in the last 60 months before exiting the scheme. During the 60 months, if there are non-contributory periods, these periods will not be considered and the benefit of the days of non-contribution would be given to the employee.

Pensionable Service

The actual duration of employment is the pensionable service of the individual. Service periods under different employers are all added together at the time of calculating the pensionable service periods.

The minimum pensionable service period is 6 months and, therefore, the service period is considered on a 6-monthly basis. For an individual who has put in service of say, 9 years and 2 months, the pensionable service is considered as 9 years. Likewise, if the service duration is 9 years and 10 months then the pensionable service is considered 10 years.

The Calculation

The Pension amount due to an employee depends on the pensionable salary of the member and the pensionable service. The Pension amount is calculated on the following formula:

Monthly Pension due to a member = Pensionable Salary x Pensionable Service/70

The maximum pensionable salary as per EPS is limited to ₹ 15,000 per month. Considering that the employer contributes 8.33% of the salary in the employees’ EPS account, the amount deposited into the account every month is

₹ 15,000 x 8.33/100 = ₹ 1250

Monthly Pension due to a member = Pensionable Salary x Pensionable Service/70. For a person who has put in 20 years of service the pension will be:

₹ 15,000 x 20/70 = 4285

What are the Benefits of EPS?

All eligible members of EPF can avail of pension benefits in accordance with their age from when they decide to withdraw their pension. The pension amount will vary in different cases.

  • Pension at the time of Retirement.

    An employee becomes eligible for pension benefits once he/she retires at the age of 58 years. During this period of service the member should have been in service for 10 years (this need not be continuous). A certificate is generated that can be used to withdraw monthly pensions by filling out Form 10D.

  • Pension on leaving service prior to becoming eligible for monthly pension

This benefit is available to an individual who has not put in 10 years of service before attaining the age of 58 years. The member can withdraw the entire sum on attaining 58 years by filling out Form 10C.

  • Total Disability Pension

A member who suffers total and permanent disability is entitled to receive a monthly pension irrespective of the fact that he has not fulfilled the pensionable service period. The employer has to contribute to his EPS account for at least one month to be eligible for the pension.

The pension has to be paid from the date of permanent disability and is payable for a lifetime. The member has to undergo a thorough medical examination to identify whether he is unfit for the job that he was performing before becoming disabled.

  • Pension for the Family after the death of the member

The family of the member becomes eligible for pension benefits in the following cases

– In case of the death of the member while in service and the employer has deposited    funds into the EPS account for at least one month

– In case the member dies before attaining 58 years but has put in 10 years of service.

– In case of the death of a member after the commencement of the monthly pension.

Different Types of Pensions under EPS

EPS offers different types of pensions. They include pensions for women, children, and orphans and these provide additional income to the family member of the subscriber.

  • Widow Pension

Widow Pension or Vridha Pension as it is also known is applicable to the widow of the member eligible for pension. The pension amount will be payable until the death of the widow or until her remarriage. In cases where there is more than one widow, the pension amount will be payable to the eldest widow. The minimum pension amount is ₹ 1,000 and the ceiling for the pensionable salary has been increased to ₹ 15,000 from the earlier ₹ 6,500. Hence higher pensions will now be available.

  • Child Pension

In the event of the death of a member, a monthly child pension is applicable for the surviving children in the family in addition to the monthly widow pension. Child pension will be paid till the child attains the age of 25 years. The amount payable is 25% of the widow’s pension and will be paid to a maximum of two children.

  • Orphan Pension

In case the member dies and does not have a surviving widow, then the children are entitled to receive a pension under the scheme. The benefit will be available to two surviving children and they will get 75% of the value of the monthly widow pension.

  • Reduced Pension

Under the EPS scheme, a member can withdraw early pension if he or she has not attained 58 years but has reached 50 years on condition that they have actively contributed towards EPF for 10 years or more. The value of the pension is slashed by 4% for every year the age is less than 58 years. On attaining 58 years the pension will be paid at the actual rate.

Pension Forms that are to be submitted to avail of benefits

A member or family member eligible to receive the pension has to submit the following forms to avail of the pension benefits.


Form 10C is for claiming a withdrawal/Scheme Certificate. The form can be used by:

  • Any member who has left the employment before completion of 10 years of service.
  • Any member who has attained 58 years before completion of 10 years of service irrespective of whether the member is in service or has left service.
  • A member who has completed 10 years of service on leaving service but has not attained the age of 50 years on the date of applying or
  • If a member has attained the age of 50 years or more but less than 58 years and is not willing for a reduced pension.
  • The family members or legal heirs or nominee of a deceased member who had died after attaining 58 years of age but had not completed the eligibility criteria of 10 years of service.

Form 10D is the normal form that a member needs to fill to withdraw pension under the following conditions:

  • Retirement Pension by a member on attaining 58 years of age, whether in service or not.
  • By a member who leaves service after the age of 50 years but below 58 years and opts for a Reduced Pension.
  • To claim Disablement Pension by a member on leaving service due to total and permanent disablement.
  • For claiming widow and child pension by the family (spouse and children) on the death of the member.
  • For claiming Orphan Pension by surviving son/daughter on the death or remarriage of the spouse of the deceased member.
  • For claiming Nominee Pension by nominee declared by the member through his/her Form 2(R) in case the member had no family (spouse and children).
  • For claiming Dependent Pension by the dependent father or mother of the deceased member who died without a family (spouse and children) and failed to nominate a person for claiming the pension.
Points to remember about EPS
  • The employee does not contribute towards the fund. The employer makes all contributions towards EPF.
  • From the 12% contributed by the employer, 8.33% goes towards EPS.
  • The employees’ pay is made of Basic wages, retaining allowance, and admissible cash value of food concessions.
  • The employer has to contribute within 15 days of the close of every month.
  • The employer should meet all the applicable costs involved.
  • The principal employer is responsible for making contributions for all employees working for him directly or under a contractor.
  • The minimum service period to be eligible for availing pension benefits is 10 years.
  • In case an employee has completed less than 10 years of service but has served for more than 6 months, you can withdraw the EPS amount on being unemployed for more than two months.
  • The scheme has fixed 58 years as the age for retirement.
  • On reaching the age of 58 a member ceases to be a member of the Pension Fund.
  • An employee who starts availing reduced pension at the age of 50 ceases to be a member of the Pension Fund.

The Employees Pension Scheme has been a great boon for employees especially post-retirement. Like all other social security schemes, it has provided a lifeline to employees who have retired or who have opted for pension before reaching the retirement age of 58 years. Where the EPS member has died during service or post-retirement it has extended this benefit to the family members, namely the spouse, and children.

Overall, the scheme has brought cheer to a great many families whose bread-winner had either retired or had become fully disabled due to an accident or disease.

GetifyHR, one of the leading Payroll and HR management outsourcers in the region have assisted numerous clients spread across the country in handling not only the Payroll and HR activities but also have supported the employees to get their due benefits from the various government agencies that are promoting schemes to support them. An association with GetifyHR will not only ease the pressures in the workplace and promote growth but will also provide support to the employees in multiple ways.